Cognitive Disorders

Description :

Damage to any part of the brain can cause a cognitive disorder, which is a "catch all" term used to describe impairment in any one of the thinking skills that we described above. Cognitive disorders used to be called "organic mental syndromes" or "organic mental disorders" to indicate that these disorders had a brain or biological basis. Damage to any part of the brain can cause a cognitive disorder, which is a "catch all" term used to describe impairment in any one (or all) of the thinking skills that we described above. Cognitive disorders used to be called "organic mental syndromes" or "organic mental disorders" to indicate that these disorders had a brain or biological basis. However, the term "organic" is no longer used because it implies that all other mental disorders do not have a biological basis. Most mental health professionals now believe that the majority of mental disorders are caused or influenced by brain chemistry or another medical issue that affects how the brain functions.Most mental health professionals now believe that the majority of mental disorders are caused or influenced by brain chemistry or another medical issue that affects how the brain functions. Types includes:

  • Brain injuries
  • Stroke
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • Mild and major neurocognitive disorder
  • Delirium
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