Biopharmaceuticals are produced in living cells. They consist of human proteins, such as antibodies, hormones and cytokines, fragments thereof and other substances. The large majority of biologicals are produced in special cells, which are genetically modified and grown in special fermentors. Biotherapeutics differ in many ways from conventional (chemically produced) medicines, for example in manufacturing techniques, molecular size and complexity, stability of molecules and clinical properties.
Biotechnology is any technology that’s based on biology. Products that use living systems and organisms qualify as biotechnology. For thousands of years, the earliest farmers produced food and bred crops by utilizing a form of biotechnology.